Chapter II-a. Calendar and Celebrations to be Entered
48. The arrangement for celebrating the liturgical year is governed by the
calendar: the General Calendar, for use in the entire Roman Rite, or a particular
calendar, for use in a particular Church or in families of religious.
49. In the General Calendar the entire cycle of celebrations is entered:
celebrations of the mystery of salvation as found in the Proper of the Seasons,
of those saints having universal significance who must therefore be celebrated
by everyone or of saints who show the universality and continuity of holiness
within the people of God.
Particular calendars have more specialized celebrations, arranged to harmonize
with the general cycle.  The individual
Churches or families of religious should show a special honor to those saints
who are properly their own.
Particular calendars, drawn up by the competent authority, must be approved by
the Apostolic See.
50. The drawing up of a particular calendar is to be guided by the following
a. The Proper of Seasons (that is, the cycle of seasons, solemnities, and
feasts that unfold and honor the mystery of redemption during the liturgical year)
must be kept intact and retain its rightful preeminence over particular celebrations.
b. Particular celebrations must be coordinated harmoniously with the universal
celebrations, with care for the Liturgical Days. Lest particular calendars be
enlarged disproportionately, individual saints may have only one feast in the
liturgical year. For persuasive pastoral reasons there may be another celebration
in the form of an optional memorial marking the transfer or discovery of the bodies
of patrons or founders of Churches or of families of religious.
c. Feasts granted by indult may not duplicate other celebrations already contained
in the cycle of the mystery of salvation, nor may they be multiplied out of
51. Although it is reasonable for each diocese to have its own calendar and
propers for the Mass and office, there is no reason why entire provinces, regions,
countries, or even larger areas may not have common calendars and propers, prepared
with the cooperation of all the parties involved.
This principle may also be followed in the case of the calendars for several
provinces of religious within the same civil territory.
52. A particular calendar is prepared by inserting in the General Calendar special
solemnities, feasts, and memorials proper to that calendar:
a. in a diocesan calendar, in addition to celebrations of its patrons and the
dedication of the cathedral, the saints and the blessed who bear some special connection
with that diocese, for example, as their birthplace, residence over a long period,
or place of death;
b. in the calendar of religious, besides celebrations of their title, founder,
or patron, those saints and blesseds who were members of that religious family
or had some special relationship with it.
c. in a calendar for individual churches, celebrations proper to a diocese or
religious community, those celebrations that are proper to that church and are listed
in the Table of Liturgical Days and also the saints who are buried in that church.
Members of religious communities should join with the community of the local Church
in celebrating the anniversary of the dedication of the cathedral and the principle
patrons of the place and of the larger region where they live.
53. When a diocese or religious family has the distinction of having many saints
and blessed, care must be taken not to overload the calendar of the entire diocese
or institute. Consequently:
a. The first measure that can be taken is to have a common feast of all the saints
and the blessed of a given diocese or religious family or of some category.
b. Only the saints and blessed of particular significance for an entire diocese
or religious family may be entered in the calendar with an individual celebration.
c. The other saints or blessed are to be celebrated only in those places with which
they have closer ties or where their bodies are buried.
54. Proper celebrations should be entered in the calendar as obligatory or optional
memorials, unless other provisions have been made for them in the Table of Liturgical
Days or there are special historical or pastoral reasons. But there is no reason why
some celebrations may not be observed with greater solemnity in some places than in the
rest of the diocese or religious community.
55. Celebrations entered in a particular calendar must be observed by all who are
bound to follow that calendar. Only with the approval of the Apostolic See may celebrations
be removed from a calendar or changed in rank.