III. The Easter Triduum in General
38. The greatest mysteries of the redemption are celebrated yearly by the Church beginning with the evening Mass of
the Lord's Supper on Holy Thursday and ending with Vespers of Easter Sunday. This time is called "the
triduum of the crucified, buried and risen";  it is also called
the "Easter Triduum" because during it is celebrated the paschal mystery, that is, the passing
of the Lord from this world to his Father. The Church, by the celebration of this mystery through liturgical signs and
sacramentals, is united to Christ, her spouse, in intimate communion.
39. The Easter fast is sacred on the first two days of the Triduum, in which, according to ancient tradition,
the Church fasts "because the Spouse has been taken away."  Good Friday is
a day of fasting and abstinence; it is also recommended that Holy Saturday be so observed, so that the Church, with
uplifted and welcoming heart, be ready to celebrate the joys of the Sunday of the Resurrection. 
40. It is recommended that there be a communal celebration of the Office of Readings and Morning Prayer on Good Friday
and Holy Saturday. It is fitting that the bishop should celebrate the Office in the cathedral with, as far as
possible, the participation of the clergy and people. 
This Office, formerly called Tenebrae, held a special place in the devotion of the faithful as they
meditated upon the passion, death, and burial of the Lord while awaiting the announcement of the resurrection.
41. For the celebration of the Easter Triduum, it is necessary that there be a sufficient number of ministers
and assistants who should be prepared so that they know what their role is in the celebration. Pastors must
ensure that the meaning of each part of the celebration be explained to the faithful so that they may participate
more fully and fruitfully.
42. The chants of the people, and also of the ministers and the celebrating priest, are of special importance
in the celebration of Holy Week and particularly of the Easter Triduum because they add to the solemnity of these
days and also because the texts are more effective when sung.
The episcopal conferences are asked, unless provision has already been made, to provide music for those
parts which should always be sung, namely:
a) the general intercessions of Good Friday; the deacon's invitation and the acclamation of the people;
b) chants for the showing and veneration of the cross;
c) the acclamations during the procession with the paschal candle and the Easter proclamation, the responsorial
"Alleluia," the litany of the saints, and the acclamation after the blessing of water.
Since the purpose of sung texts is also to facilitate the participation of the faithful, they should
not be lightly omitted; such texts should be set to music. If the text for use in the liturgy has not yet been set
to music, it is possible, as a temporary measure, to select other similar texts that are set to music.
It is, however, fitting that there should be a collection of texts set to music for these celebrations,
paying special attention to:
a) chants for the procession and blessing of palms, and for the entrance into the church;
b) chants to accompany the procession with the Holy oils;
c) chants to accompany the procession with the gifts on Holy Thursday in the evening Mass of the Lord's
Supper, and hymns to accompany the procession of the Blessed Sacrament to the place of repose;
d) the responsorial psalms at the Easter Vigil, and chants to accompany the sprinkling with blessed water.
Music should be provided for the passion narrative, the Easter proclamation, and the blessing of baptismal
water. Obviously, the melodies should be of a simple nature in order to facilitate their use.
In larger churches where the resources permit, a more ample use should be made of the Church's musical
heritage, both ancient and modern, always ensuring that this does not impede the active participation of
43. It is fitting that small religious communities, both clerical and lay, and other lay groups should
participate in the celebration of the Easter Triduum in neighboring principal churches. 
Similarly, where the number of participants and ministers is so small that the celebrations of the Easter Triduum
cannot be carried out with the requisite solemnity, such groups of the faithful should assemble in a larger
Also, where there are small parishes with only one priest, it is recommended that such parishes should
assemble, as far as possible, in a principal church and participate in the celebration there.
On account of the needs of the faithful, where a pastor has the responsibility for two or more parishes
in which the faithful assemble in large numbers, and where the celebration can be carried out with the
requisite care and solemnity, the celebrations of the Easter Triduum may be repeated in accord with the given
So that seminary students "might live fully Christ's paschal mystery, and thus be able to teach
those who will be committed to their care,"  they should be given
a thorough and comprehensive liturgical formation. It is important that during their formative years in the
seminary, they should experience fruitfully the solemn Easter celebrations, especially those over which
the bishop presides.