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You are here: Documents > Theology and Doctrine > On the Mystery and Worship of the Eucharist  Back one page.

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Endnotes

  1. Cf. Chapter 2: AAS 71 (1979), pp. 395f.
  2. Cf. Ecumenical Council of Trent, Session XXII, Can. 2: Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta, ed. 3, Bologna 1973, p. 735.
  3. Because of this precept of the Lord, an Ethiopian Eucharistic Liturgy recalls that the Apostles "established for us patriarchs, archbishops, priests and deacons to celebrate the ritual of your holy Church": Anaphora Sancti Athanasii: Prex Eucharistica, Haenggi-Pahl, Fribourg (Switzerland) 1968, p. 183.
  4. Cf. La Tradition apostolique de saint Hippolyte, nos. 2-4, ed. Botte, Munster-Westfalen 1963, pp. 5-17.
  5. 2 Cor 11:28.
  6. 1 Pt 2:5.
  7. Cf. Second Vatican Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 28; AAS 57 (1965), pp. 33f.; Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 2, 5: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 993, 998; Decree on the Missionary Activity of the Church Ad genes, 39: AAS 58 (1966), p. 986.
  8. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 11: AAS 57 (1965), p. 15.
  9. Jn 3:16. It is interesting to note how these words are taken up by the liturgy of St. John Chrysostom immediately before the words of consecration and introduce the latter: cf. La divina Liturgia del nostro Padre Giovanni Crisostomo, Roma-Grottaferrata 1967, pp. 104f.
  10. Cf. Mt 26:26-28; Mk 14:22-25; Lk 22:18-20; 1 Cor 11:23-25; cf. also the Eucharistic Prayers.
  11. Phil 2:8.
  12. Jn 13:1.
  13. Cf. John Paul II, Homily in Phoenix Park, Dublin, 7: AAS 71 (1979), pp. 1074ff.; Sacred Congregation of Rites, instruction Eucharisticum mysterium: AAS 59 (1967), pp. 539-573; Rituale Romanum, De sacra communione et de cultu Mysterii eucharistici extra Missam, ed. typica, 1973. It should be noted that the value of the worship and the sanctifying power of these forms of devotion to the Eucharist depend not so much upon the forms themselves as upon interior attitudes.
  14. Cf. Bull Trasiturus de hoc mundo (Aug. 11, 1264): Aemilii Friedberg, Corpus Iurus Canonici, Pars II. Decretalium Collectiones, Leipzig 1881, pp. 1174-1177; Studi eucharistici, VII Centenario della Bolla 'Transiturus,' 1264-1964, Orvieto 1966, pp. 302-317.
  15. Cf. Paul VI, encyclical letter Mysterium Fidei: AAS 57 (1965), pp. 753-774; Sacred Congregation of Rites, Instruction Eucharisticum Mysterium: AAS 59 (1967), pp. 539-573; Rituale Romanum, De sacra communione et de cultu Mysterii eucharistici extra Missam, ed. typica, 1973.
  16. John Paul II, encyclical letter Redemptor Hominis, 20: AAS 71 (1979), p. 311; cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, Lumen gentium, 11: AAS 57 (1965), pp. 15f.; also, note 57 to Schema II of the same dogmatic constitution, in Acta Synodalia Sacrosancti Concilii Oecumenici Vaticani II, vol. II, periodus 2a, pars I, public session II, pp. 251f.; Paul VI, address at the general audience of September 15, 1965: Insegnamenti di Paolo VI, III (1965), p. 103; H. de Lubac, Meditation sur l'Eglise, 2 ed., Paris 1963, pp. 129-137.
  17. 1 Cor 11:26.
  18. Cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 11: AAS 57 (1965) pp. 15f.; Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, 10: AAS 56 (1964), p. 102; Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests, Presbyterorum Ordinis, 5: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 997f.; Decree on the Bishops' Pastoral Office in the Church Christus Dominus, 30: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 688f.; Decree on the Church's Missionary Activity, Ad gentes, 9: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 957f.
  19. Cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 26: AAS 57 (1965), pp. 31f.; Decree on Ecumenism Unitatis Redintegratio, 15: AAS 57 (1965), pp. 101f.
  20. This is what the Opening Prayer of Holy Thursday asks for: "We pray that in this Eucharist we may find the fullness of love and life": Missale Romanum, ed. typica altera 1975, p. 244; also the communion epiclesis of the Roman Missal: "May all of us who share in the body and blood of Christ be brought together in unity by the Holy Spirit. Lord, remember your Church throughout the world; make us grow in love": Eucharistic Prayer II: ibid., pp. 458f.; Eucharistic Prayer III, p. 463.
  21. Jn 5:17.
  22. Cf. Prayer after communion of the Mass for the Twenty-second Sunday in Ordinary Time: "Lord, you renew us at your table with the bread of life. May this food strengthen us in love and help us to serve you in each other": Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 361.
  23. Jn 4:23.
  24. Cf. 1 Cor 10:17; commented upon by St. Augustine: In Evangelium Ioannis trac. 31, 13; PL 35, 1613; also commented upon by the Ecumenical Council of Trent, Session XIII, can. 8; Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta, ed. 3, Bologna 1973, p. 697, 7; cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, Lumen Gentium, 7: AAS 57 (1965), p. 9.
  25. Jn 13:35.
  26. This is expressed by many prayers of the Roman Missal: the Prayer over the Gifts from the Common, "For those who work for the underprivileged"; "May we who celebrate the love of your Son also follow the example of your saints and grow in love for you and for one another": Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 721; also the Prayer after Communion of the Mass "For Teachers": "May this holy meal help us to follow the example of your saints by showing in our lives the light of truth and love for our brothers": ibid., p. 723; cf. also the Prayer after Communion of the Mass for the Twenty-second Sunday in Ordinary Time, quoted in note 22.
  27. Jn 4:23.
  28. Eph 4:13.
  29. Cf. above, no. 2.
  30. Cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Decree on the Missionary Activity of the Church Ad gentes, 9, 12: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 958-961f.; Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 5: AAS 58 (1966), p. 997.
  31. 1 Jn 3:1.
  32. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 11: AAS 57 (1965), p. 15.
  33. Cf. no. 20: AAS 71 (1979), pp. 313f.
  34. 2 Pt 3:13.
  35. Col 3:10.
  36. Lk 1:34; Jn 6:69; Acts 3:14; Rev 3:7.
  37. Acts 10:38; Lk 4:18.
  38. Jn 10:36.
  39. Cf. Jn 10:17.
  40. Heb 3:1, 4:15, etc.
  41. As was stated in the ninth-century Byzantine liturgy, according to the most ancient codex, known formerly as Barberino di San Marco (Florence), and now that it is kept in the Vatican Apostolic Library, as F.E. Brightman, Liturgies Eastern and Western, I. Eastern Liturgies, Oxford 1896, p. 318, 34-35.
  42. Opening Prayer of the Second Votive Mass of the Holy Eucharist: Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 858.
  43. 1 Jn 2:2; cf. ibid., 4:10.
  44. We speak of the divinum Mysterium, the Sanctissimum, the Sacrosanctum, meaning what is sacred and holy par excellence. For their part, the Eastern churches call the Mass raza or mysterion, hagiasmos, quddasa, qedasse, that is to say "consecration" par excellence. Furthermore there are the liturgical rites, which, in order to inspire a sense of the sacred, prescribe silence, and standing or kneeling, and likewise professions of faith, and the incensation of the Gospel book, the altar, the celebrant and the sacred species. They even recall the assistance of the angelic beings created to serve the Holy God, i.e., with the Sanctus of our Latin churches and the Trisagion and Sancta Sanctis of the Eastern liturgies.
  45. For instance, as the invitation to receive communion, this faith has been so formed as to reveal complementary aspects of the presence of Christ the Holy One: the epiphanic aspect noted by the Byzantines ("Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord: The Lord is God and has appeared to us": La divina Liturgia del santo nostro Padre Giovanni Crisostomo, Roma-Grottaferrata 1967, pp. 136f.); the aspect of relation and union sung of by the Armenians [Liturgy of St. Ignatius of Antioch: "Unus Pater sanctus nobiscum, unus Filius sanctus nobiscum, unus Spirituus sanctus nobiscum": Die Anaphora des heiligen Ignatius von Antiochien, ubersetzt von A. Rucker, Oriens Christianus, 3a ser., 5 [1930], p.76); and the hidden heavenly aspect celebrated by the Chaldeans and Malabars (cf. the antiphonal hymn sung by the priest and the assembly after Communion: F.E. Brightman, op. cit., p. 299.
  46. Cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, 2, 47: AAS 56 (1964), pp. 83f.; 113; Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 3 and 28: AAS 57 (1965), pp. 6, 33f.; Decree on Ecumenism Unitatis Redintegratio, 2: AAS 57 (1965), p. 91; Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 13: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 1011f., Ecumenical Council of Trent, Session XXII, chap. I and II: Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta, ed. 3, Bologna 1973, pp. 732f. especially: una eademque est hostia, idem nunc offerens sacerdotum ministerio, qui se ipsum tunc in cruce obtulit, sola offerendi ratione diversa (ibid., p. 733).
  47. Synoda Constantinpolita adversus Sotericum (January 1156 and May 1157): Angelo Mai, Spicilegium romanum, t. X, Rome 1844, p. 77; PG 140, 190; cf. Martin Jugie, Dict. Theol. Cath., t. X 1338; Theologia dogmatica christianorum orientalium, Paris, 1930, pp. 317-320.
  48. Instituto Generalis Missalis Romani, 49c: Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 39; cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Decree on the Ministry and Life of Priests Presbyterorum Ordinis, 5: AAS 58 (1966), pp. 997f.
  49. Ordo Missae cum populo, 18: Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 390.
  50. Cf. Ecumenical Council of Trent, Session 22, chap I, Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Decreta, ed. 3, Bologna 1973, pp. 732f.
  51. Col 2:14.
  52. Jn 11:28.
  53. Instituto Generalis Missalis Romani, 55f.; Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 40.
  54. Cf. Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, 35, 51: AAS 56 (1964), pp. 109, 114.
  55. Cf. Sacred Congregation of Rites, Instruction In edicendis normis, VI, 17-18; VII, 19-20: AAS 59 (1967), p. 314; Decree De Titulo Basilicae Minoris, II, 8: AAS 60 (1968), p. 538; Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship, Notif. De Missali Romano, Liturgia Horarum et Calendario, I, 4: AAS 63 (1971), p. 714.
  56. Cf. Paul VI, Apostolic Constitution Missale Romanum: "We are fully confident that both priests and faithful will prepare their minds and hearts more devoutly for the Lord's Supper, meditating on the scriptures, nourished day by day with the words of the Lord": AAS 61 (1969), pp. 220f.; Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 15.
  57. Cf. Pontificale Romanum. De Institutione Lectorum et Acolythorum, 4, ed. typica, 1972, pp. 19f.
  58. Cf. Instituto Generalis Missalis Romani, 319-320: Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 87.
  59. Cf. Fr. J. Dolger, Das Segnen der Sinne mit der Eucharistie. Eine altchristliche Kommunionsitte: Antike und Christentum, t. 3 (1932), pp. 231-244; Das Kultvergehen der Donatistin Lucilla von Karthago. Reliquienkuss vor dem Kuss der Eucharistie, ibid., pp. 245-252.
  60. Cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 12, 35; AAS 57 (1965), pp. 16, 40.
  61. Cf. Jn 1:29; Rev 19:9.
  62. Cf. Lk 14:16ff.
  63. Cf. Instituto Generalis Missalis Romani, 7-8: Missale Romanum, ed. cit., p. 29.
  64. 1 Cor 11:28.
  65. Pontificale Romanum. De Ordinatione Diaconi, Presbyteri et Episcopi, ed. typica, 1968, p. 93.
  66. Heb 5:1.
  67. Sacred Congregation of Rites, Instruction Eucharisticum Mysterium: AAS 59 (1967), pp. 539-573; Rituale Romanum. De sacra communione et de cultu Mysterii eucharistici extra Missam, ed. typica, 1973; Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship, Litterae circulares ad Conferentiarum Episcopalium Praesides de precibus eucharisticis: AAS 65 (1973), pp. 340-347.
  68. Nos. 38-63: AAS 59 (1967), pp. 586-592.
  69. AAS 64 (1972), pp. 518-525. Cf. also the Communicatio published the following year for the correct application of the above-mentioned Instruction: AAS 65 (1973), pp. 616-619.
  70. Cf. Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, 12: AAS 57 (1965), pp. 16f.
  71. Mt 13:52.
  72. Cf. St. Augustine, In Evangelium Ioannis trac. 26, 13: PL 35, 1612f.
  73. Eph 4:30.

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All contents © copyright, 1998-2014
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