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You are here: Documents > General Principles > Fourth Instruction on the orderly carrying out of the Constitution on the Liturgy  Back one page.

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Endnotes

  1. cf. No. 38; cf. Also No. 40.
  2. Ibid., 37.
  3. Cf. Vatican Council II, Orientalium Ecclesiarum, 2; Sacrosanctum Concilium, 3 and 4; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1200-1206, especially 1204-1206.
  4. Cf. Dec. 4,1988, No. 16: Acta Apostolicae Sedi, 81 (1989), 912.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Nos. 37-40.
  7. John Paul II, encyclical Slavorum Apostoli, June 2,1985, No. 21: AAS 77 (1985), 802-803; discourse to the Pontifical Council for Culture plenary assembly, Jan. 17,1987, No. 5: AAS 79 (1987), 1204-1205.
  8. John Paul II, encyclical Redemptoris Missio, Dec. 7, 1990, No. 52: AAS 83 (1991), 300.
  9. Cf. ibid and Synod of Bishops, Final Report Exeunte Coetu Secundo, Dec. 7, 1985, D 4.
  10. Redemptoris Missio, 52.
  11. Vatican Council II, Gaudium et Spes, 58.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Cf. John Paul II, apostolic exhortation Catechesi Tradendae, Oct. 16, 1979, No. 53: AAS 71 (1979), 1319.
  14. Cf. Eastern Code of Canon Law, canon 584.2: "Evangelizatio gentium ita fiat, ut servata integritate fidei et morum Evangelium se in cultura singulorum populorum exprimere possit, in catechesi scilicet, in ritibus propriis liturgicis, in arte sacra in iure particulari ac demum in tota vita ecclesiali."
  15. Cf. Catechesi Tradendae, 53: "concerning evangelization in general, we can say that it is a call to bring the strength of the Gospel to the heart of culture and cultures.... It is in this way that it can propose to cultures the knowledge of the mystery hidden and help them to make of their own living tradition original expressions of life, celebration and Christian thought."
  16. Cf. Redemptoris Missio, 52: "Inculturation is a slow process covering the whole of missionary life and involves all who are active in the mission ad gentes and Christian communities in the measure that they are developing." Discourse to Pontifical Council for Culture plenary assembly: "I strongly reaffirm the need to mobilize the whole church into a creative effort toward a renewed evangelization of both people and cultures. It is only by a joint effort that the church will be able to bring the hope of Christ into the heart of cultures and present- day ways of thinking."
  17. Cf. Pontifical Biblical Commission, Foi et culture a la lumiere de la Bible, 1981; and International Theological commission, Faith and Inculturation, 1988.
  18. Cf. John Paul II, discourse to the bishops of Zaire, April 12, 1983, No. 5: AAS 75 (1983), 620: "How is it that a faith which has truly matured, is deep and firm, does not succeed in expressing itself in a language, in a catechesis, in theological reflection, in prayer, in the liturgy, in art, in the institutions which are truly related to the African soul of your compatriots? There is the key to the important and complex question of the liturgy, to mention just one area. Satisfactory progress in this domain can only be the fruit of a progressive growth in faith, linked with spiritual discernment, theological clarity, a sense of the universal church."
  19. Discourse to Pontifical Council for Culture, 5: "In coming into contact with the cultures, the church must welcome all that in the traditions of peoples is compatible with the Gospel, to give all the riches of Christ to them and to enrich itself of the varied wisdom of the nations of the earth."
  20. Cf. discourse to the Pontifical Council for Culture, 5; cf. also Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 17.
  21. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 19 and 35.
  22. Cf. Vatican Council II, Ad Gentes, 10.
  23. Gaudium et Spes, 22.
  24. St. Cyril of Alexandria, In Ioannem, I 14: Patrologia Graeca, 73, 162C.
  25. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 5.
  26. Cf. Vatican Council II, Lumen Gentium, 10.
  27. Cf. Roman Missal, Fifth Weekday of the Passion of the Lord, 5: Prayer One: "... per suum cruorem instituit paschale mysterium."
  28. Cf. Paul VI, apostolic letter Mysterii Paschalis, Feb. 14, 1969: AAS 61 (1969), 222-226.
  29. Cf. Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1096.
  30. Cf. ibid., 1200-1203.
  31. Cf. Vatican Council II, Unitatis Redintegratio, 14-15.
  32. Texts: cf. the sources of the prayers, the prefaces and the eucharistic prayers of the Roman Missal; chants: for example the antiphons for Jan. 1, baptism of the Lord; Sept. 8, the Improperia of Good Friday, the hymns of the Liturgy of the Hours; gestures: for example the sprinkling of holy water, use of incense, genuflection, hands joined; rites: for example Palm Sunday procession, the adoration of the cross on Good Friday, the rogations.
  33. Cf. in the past St. Gregory the Great, Letter to Mellitus: Reg. XI, 59: CCL 140A, 961-962; John VIII, bull Industriae Tuae, June 26, 880: Patrologia Latina, 126, 904; Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, Instruction to the Apostolic Vicars of China and Indochina (1654): Collectanea S.C. de Propaganda Fide, I 1 Rome, 1907, No. 135; instruction Plane Compertum, Dec. 8, 1939: AAS 32 (1940), 2426.
  34. Lumen Gentium, 17 also 13.
  35. Cf. Catechesi Tradendae, 52-53; Redemptoris Missio, 53-54; Catechism of the Catholic Church 1204-1206.
  36. Cf., also St. Ignatius of Antioch, Letter to the Magnesians, 9: Funk 1, 199: "We have seen how former adherents of the ancient customs have since attained to a new hope; so that they have given up keeping the sabbath, and now order their lives by the Lord's day instead."
  37. Cf. Vatican Council II, Dei Verbum, 14-16; Ordo Lectionum Missae ed. typica altera Praenotanda, 5: "It is the same mystery of Christ that the church announces when she proclaims the Old and New Testament in the celebration of the liturgy. The New Testament is, indeed, hidden in the Old and, in the New the Old is revealed. Because Christ is the center and fullness of all Scripture, as also of the whole liturgical celebration"; Catechism of the Catholic Church, 120-123, 128- 130, 1093-1095.
  38. Cf. Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1093-1096.
  39. Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 7.
  40. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 5-7.
  41. Cf. ibid., 2; Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 9.
  42. Cf. Vatican Council II, Presbyterorum Ordinis, 2.
  43. Cf. Lumen Gentium, 48; Sacrosanctum Concilium, 2 and 8.
  44. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 7.
  45. Cf. ibid., 24.
  46. Cf. Ordo Lectionem Missae Praenotanda, 12: "It is not allowed to suppress or reduce either the biblical readings in the celebration of Mass or the chants that are drawn from Sacred Scripture. It is absolutely forbidden to replace these readings by other nonbiblical readings. It is through the word of God in the Scriptures that 'God continues to speak to his people' (Sacrosanctum Concilium, 33), and it is through familiarity with the Holy Scripture that the people of God, made docile by the Holy Spirit in the light of faith, can by their life and way of living witness to Christ before the whole world."
  47. Cf. Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2585-2589.
  48. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 7.
  49. Cf. ibid., 6, 47, 56, 102, 106; cf. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 1, 7, 8.
  50. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 6.
  51. Cf. Council of Trent, Session 21, Chap. 2: Denz-Schonm. 1728; Sacrosanctum Concilium, 48ff, 62ff.
  52. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 21.
  53. Cf. Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Inter Insigniores, Oct. 15, 1976: AAS 69 (1977), 107-108.
  54. Cf. Lumen Gentium, 28; also No. 26.
  55. Cf. St. Irenaeus, Against the Heresies, III, 2, 1-3; 3, 1-2: Sources Chretiennes, 211, 24-31; cf. St. Augustine, Letter to Januarius 54, 1: PL 33, 200: "But regarding those other observances which we keep and all the world keeps, and which do not derive from Scripture but from tradition, we are given to understand that they have been ordained or recommended to be kept by the apostles themselves or by the plenary councils, whose authority is well founded in the church"; cf. Redemptoris Missio, 53-4; cf. Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Letter to Bishops of the Catholic Church on Certain Aspects of the Church Understood as Communion, May 28 1992, Nos. 710.
  56. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 83.
  57. Cf. ibid., 102, 106 and Appendix.
  58. Cf. Paul VI, apostolic constitution Paenitemini, Feb. 17, 1966: AAS 58 (1966), 177-198.
  59. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22; 26; 28; 40, 3 and 128; Code of Canon Law, Canon 2 and passim.
  60. Cf. Roman Missal, General Instruction, Prooemium, 2; Paul VI, discourse to the Consilium for the Application of the Constitution on the Liturgy, Oct. 13, 1966: AAS 58 (1966), 1146; Oct. 14, 1968: AAS 60 (1968), 734.
  61. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22; 36; 40; 44-46; Canons 47ff and 838.
  62. Cf. Redemptoris Missio, 53.
  63. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 35 and 36; Canon 825.1.
  64. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 24.
  65. Cf. ibid.; Catechesi Tradendae, 55.
  66. In the constitution Sacrosanctum Concilium, attention is drawn to Nos. 38 and 40: "above all in the missions."
  67. Cf. Ad Gentes, 16 and 17.
  68. Cf. ibid., 19.
  69. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22; cf. ibid., 39 and 40; Canons 447- 448ff.
  70. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 40.
  71. Ibid., 37.
  72. Cf. ibid., 14-19.
  73. Ibid., 21.
  74. Cf. ibid., 34.
  75. Cf. ibid., 37-40.
  76. Cf. Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 16.
  77. Cf. John Paul II, discourse to the plenary assembly of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Jan. 26, 1991, No. 3: AAS 83 (1991), 940: "This is not to suggest to the particular churches that they have a new task to undertake following the application of liturgical reform, that is to say, adaptation or inculturation. Nor is it intended to mean inculturation as the creation of alternative rites.... It is a question of collaborating so that the Roman rite, maintaining its own identity, may incorporate suitable adaptations."
  78. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22; Canons 838.1 and 838.2; John Paul II, apostolic constitution Pastor Bonus, 62, 64.3: AAS 80 (1988), 876-877; Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 19.
  79. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22 and Canons 447ff and 838.1 and 838.3; Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 20.
  80. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22, and Canons 838.1 and 838.4; Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 21.
  81. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 22.
  82. The situation is different when, in the liturgical books published after the constitution, the introductions and the rubrics envisaged adaptations and the possibility of leaving a choice to the pastoral sensitivity of the one presiding, for example, when it says "if it is opportune," "in these or similar terms," "also," "according to circumstances," "either ... or," "if convenient," "normally," "the most suitable form can be chosen." In making a choice, the celebrant should seek the good of the assembly, taking into account the spiritual preparation and mentality of the participants rather than his own pEndnotes or the easiest solution. In celebrations for particular groups, other possibilities are available. Nonetheless, prudence and discretion are always called for in order to avoid the breaking up of the local church into little "churches" or "chapels" closed in upon themselves.
  83. Cf. Canons 762-772, especially 769.
  84. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 118; also No. 54: While allowing that "a suitable place be allotted to the language of the country" in the chants, "steps should be taken so that the faithful may also be able to say or sign together in Latin those parts of the ordinary of the Mass which pertain to them," especially the Our Father, cf. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 19.
  85. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 119.
  86. Ibid., 120.
  87. Cf. Canon 841.
  88. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 33; Canon 899.2.
  89. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 30.
  90. Cf. ibid., 123-124; Canon 1216.
  91. Cf. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 259-270; Canons 1235-1239, especially 1236.
  92. Cf. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 272.
  93. Cf. De Benedictionibus Ordo Benedictionis Baptisterii seu Fontis Baptismalis, 832-837.
  94. Cf. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 287-310.
  95. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 125; Lumen Gentium, 67; Canon 1188.
  96. Council of Nicea II: Denz.-Schonm. 601; cf. St. Basil, "On the Holy Spirit," XVIII, 45; Sources Chretiennes, 17, 194.
  97. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 13.
  98. Cf. Canon 839.2.
  99. Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 18.
  100. Cf. ibid.
  101. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 23.
  102. These texts can be used profitably in the homily because it is one of the tasks of the homily "to show the points of convergence between revealed divine wisdom and noble human thought, seeking the truth by various paths" (John Paul II, apostolic letter Dominicae Cenae, Feb. 24, 1980, No. 10: AAS 72 (1980), 137.
  103. Nos. 65, 77, 81. Cf. Ordo Initiationis Christianae Adultorum, Praenotanda, 30-31, 79-81, 88-89; Ordo Celebrandi Matrimonium, editio typica altera, Praenotanda, 41-44; Ordo Exsequiarum, Praenotanda, 21-22.
  104. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 23.
  105. Cf. ibid., 36; 54; 63.
  106. Cf. Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 20.
  107. Cf. Paul VI, apostolic constitution Missale Romanum, April 3, 1969: AAS 61 (1969), 221.
  108. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 6; cf. also Ordo Lectionum Missae, editio typica altera, Praenotanda, 111-118.
  109. Roman Missal, General Instruction, 22.
  110. Cf. ibid., 232.
  111. Cf. ibid., 26.
  112. Cf. ibid., 50.
  113. Cf. ibid., 56 i.
  114. Cf. ibid., 56 b.
  115. Cf. ibid., 242.
  116. Cf. ibid., 263 and 288.
  117. Cf. ibid., 290.
  118. Cf. ibid., 304, 305, 308.
  119. Cf. De Sacra Communione et de Cultu Mysterii Eucharistici Extra Missam, Praenotanda, 21.
  120. Cf. Ordo Initiationis Christianae Adultorum, Praenotanda Generalia, 30-33; Praenotanda, 12, 20,47, 64-65; Ordo, 312; Appendix, 12; Ordo Baptismi Parvulorum, Praenotanda, 8, 2325; Ordo Confirmationis, Praenotanda, 11-12, 16-17; De Sacra Communione et de Cultu Mysterii Eucharistici Extra Missam, Praenotanda, 12; Ordo Paenitentiae, Praenotanda, 35b, 38; Ordo Unctionis Infirmorum Eorumque Pastoralis Curae, Praenotanda, 38-39; Ordo Celebrandi Matrimonium, editio typica altera, Praenotanda, 39-44; De Ordinatione Episcopi Presbyterorum et Diaconorum, editio typica altera, Praenotanda, 11; De Benedictionibus, Praenotanda Generalia, 39.
  121. Cf. Ordo Initiationis Christianae Adultorum, Praenotanda, 66; Ordo Baptismi Parvulorum, Praenotanda, 26; Ordo Paenitentiae, Praenotanda, 39; Ordo Celebrandi Matrimonium, editio typica altera, Praenotanda, 36.
  122. Ordo Initiationis Christianae Adultorum Ordo Baptismi Parvulorum, Praenotanda Generalis, 30.2.
  123. Ibid., 31; cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 65.
  124. Cf. Canons 1108 and 1112.
  125. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 77; Ordo Celebrandi Matrimonium, editio typica altera, Praenotanda, 42.
  126. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 77.
  127. Cf. Ordo Exsequiarum Praenotanda, 4.
  128. Cf. ibid., 9 and 21.1-21.3.
  129. Cf. ibid., 2.
  130. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 81.
  131. Cf. ibid., 79; De Benedictionibus, Praenotanda Generalia, 39; Ordo Professionis Religiosae, Praenotanda, 12-15.
  132. Cf. Normae Universales de Anno Liturgico et de Calendario, 49, 55; Congregation for Divine Worship, instruction Calendaria Particularia, June 24, 1970: AAS, 62 (1970), 349-370.
  133. Cf. Canon 1246.2.
  134. Cf. Normae Universales de Anno Liturgico et de Calendario, 46.
  135. Liturgia Horarum, Institutio Generalis, 92, 162, 178, 184.
  136. Cf. Canons 455.2 and 838.3; that is also the case for a new edition, cf. Vicesimus Quintus Annus, 20.
  137. Canon 838.3
  138. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 40.
  139. Cf. Congregation for Bishops, Directory on the Pastoral Ministry of Bishops, Feb. 22, 1973, No. 84.
  140. Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 40.
  141. Cf. ibid., 40.
  142. Cf. ibid.

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