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You are here: Documents > The Eucharist and the Mass > General Instruction of the Roman Missal (4th Edition)  Back one page.

Table of Contents
Table of ContentsChapter IV-A. Mass with a CongregationChapter IV-C. Masses without a CongregationEndnotes

Chapter IV-B. Concelebrated Masses

Introduction

153. Concelebration effectively brings out the unity of the priesthood, of the sacrifice, and of the whole people of God. The rite itself prescribes concelebration at the ordination of bishops and of priests and at the chrism Mass.

Unless the good of the faithful requires or suggests otherwise, concelebration is also recommended at:

a. the evening Mass on Holy Thursday;

b. the Mass for councils, meeting of bishops, and synods;

c. the Mass for the blessing of an abbot;

d. the conventual Mass and the principal Mass in churches and oratories;

e. the Mass for any kind of meeting of priests, either secular or religious. [62]

154. Where there is a large number of priests, the authorized superior may permit concelebration several times on the same day, but either at different times or in different places. [63]

155. The right to regulate, in accord with the law, the discipline for concelebration in his diocese, even in churches and oratories of exempt religious, belongs to the bishop. [64]

156. No one is ever to be admitted into a concelebration once Mass has already begun. [65]

157. A concelebration in which the priests of any diocese concelebrate with their own bishop, especially at the chrism Mass on Holy Thursday and on the occasion of a synod or pastoral visitation, is to be held in high regard. Concelebration is likewise recommended whenever priests gather together with their bishop during a retreat or at any other meeting. That sign of unity of the priesthood and of the Church itself which marks every concelebration stands out even more clearly in the instances mentioned. [66]

158. For a particular reason, having to do either with the meaning of the rite or of the liturgical feast, to celebrate or concelebrate more than once on the same day is permitted as follows:

a) One who has celebrated or concelebrated the chrism Mass on Holy Thursday may also celebrate or concelebrate the evening Mass.

b) One who has celebrated or concelebrated the Mass of the Easter Vigil may celebrate or concelebrate the second Mass of Easter.

c) All priests may celebrate or concelebrate the three Masses of Christmas, provided the Masses are at their proper times of day.

d) One who concelebrates with the bishop or his delegate at a synod or pastoral visitation, or concelebrates on the occasion of a meeting of priests, may celebrate another Mass for the benefit of the people. [67] This holds also, in analogous circumstances, for gatherings of religious.

159. The structure of a concelebrated Mass, whatever its form, follows the norms for an individual celebration, except for the points prescribed or changed in the next section.

160. If neither a deacon nor other ministers assist in a concelebrated Mass, their functions are carried out by the concelebrants.

Introductory Rites

161. In the sacristy or other suitable place, the concelebrants put on the vestments usual for individual celebrants. For a good reason, however, as when there are more concelebrants than vestments, the concelebrants may omit the chasuble and simply wear the stole over the alb; but the principal celebrant always wears the chasuble.

162. When everything is ready, there is the usual procession through the church to the altar. The concelebrating priests go ahead of the principal celebrant.

163. On reaching the altar, the concelebrants and the celebrant make the prescribed reverence, kiss the altar, then go to their chairs. When incense is used, the principal celebrant incenses the altar, then goes to the chair.

Liturgy of the Word

164. During the Liturgy of the Word, the concelebrants remain at their places, sitting or standing as the principal celebrant does.

165. As a rule the principal celebrant or one of the concelebrants gives the homily.

Liturgy of the Eucharist

166. The rites for the preparation of the gifts are carried out by the principal celebrant; the other concelebrants remain at their places.

167. At the end of the preparation of the gifts, the concelebrants come near the altar and stand around it in such a way that they do not interfere with the actions of the rite and that the people have a clear view. They should not be in the deacon's way when he has to go to the altar in the performance of his ministry.

Manner of Reciting the Eucharistic Prayer

168. The preface is said by the principal celebrant alone; the Sanctus is sung or recited by all the concelebrants with the congregation and the choir.

169. After the Sanctus, the concelebrants continue the eucharistic prayer in the way to be described. Unless otherwise indicated, only the principal celebrant makes the gestures.

170. The parts said by all the concelebrants together are to be recited in such a way that the concelebrants say them in a softer voice and the principal celebrant's voice stands out clearly. In this way the congregation should be able to hear the text without difficulty.

Eucharistic Prayer I, The Roman Canon

171. The prayer, We come to You, Father, is said by the principal celebrant alone, with hands outstretched.

172. The intercessions, Remember, Lord, Your people and In union with the whole Church, may be assigned to one of the concelebrants; he alone says these prayers, with hands outstretched and aloud.

173. The prayer, Father, accept this offering, is said by the principal celebrant alone, with hands outstretched.

174. From Bless and approve our offering to almighty God, we pray inclusive, all the concelebrants recite everything together in this manner:

a) The say bless and approve our offering with hands outstretched towards the offerings.

b) The say The day before He suffered and When supper was ended with hands joined.

c) While saying the words of the Lord, each extends his right hand toward the bread and toward the chalice, if this seems appropriate; they look at the eucharistic bread and chalice as these are shown and afterward bow low.

d) The say Father, we celebrate the memory of Christ and Look with favor with hands outstretched.

e) From Almighty God, we pray to the sacred body and blood of Your Son inclusive, they bow with hands joined; then they stand upright and cross themselves at the words, let us be filled.

175. The intercessions, Remember, Lord, those who have died and For ourselves, too, may be assigned to one of the concelebrants; he alone says these prayers, with hands outstretched and aloud.

176. At the words, Though we are sinners, all the concelebrants strike their breast.

177. The prayer, Through Christ our Lord You give us all these gifts, is said by the principal celebrant alone.

178. In this eucharistic prayer the parts from Bless and approve our offering to Almighty God, we pray inclusive and the concluding doxology may be sung.

Eucharistic Prayer II

179. The prayer, Lord, you alone are holy indeed, is said by the principle celebrant alone, with hands outstretched.

180. From Let Your Spirit come to May all of us who share inclusive, all the concelebrants together say the prayer in this manner:

a) They say Let Your Spirit come with hands outstretched toward the offerings.

b) The say Before He was given up for death and When supper was ended with hands joined.

c) While saying the words of the Lord, each extends his right hand toward the bread and towards the chalice, if this seems appropriate; they look at the eucharistic bread and the chalice as these are shown and afterward bow low.

d) They say In memory of His death and May all of us who share with hands outstretched.

181. The intercessions for the living, Lord, remember Your Church, and for the dead, Remember our brothers and sisters, may be assigned to one of the concelebrants; he alone says the intercessions, with hands outstretched.

182. In this eucharistic prayer the parts from Before He was given up to death to In memory of His death inclusive and the concluding doxology may be sung.

Eucharistic Prayer III

183. The prayer, Father, You are holy indeed, is said by the principal celebrant alone, with hands outstretched.

184. From And so, Father, we bring You these gifts to Look with favor inclusive, all the concelebrants together say the prayer in this manner:

a) They say And so, Father, we bring You these gifts with hands outstretched towards the offerings.

b) They say On the night He was betrayed and When supper was ended with hands joined.

c) While saying the words of the Lord, each extends his right hand toward the bread and towards the chalice, if this seems appropriate; they look at the eucharistic bread and the chalice as these are shown and afterward bow low.

d) They sayFather, calling to mind and Look with favor with hands outstretched.

185. The intercessions, May He make us an everlasting gift and Lord, may this sacrifice, may be assigned to one of the concelebrants; he alone says the intercessions, with hands outstretched.

186. In this eucharistic prayer the parts from On the night He was betrayed to Father, calling to mind inclusive and the concluding doxology may be sung.

Eucharistic Prayer IV

187. The prayer, Father we acknowledge, is said by the principal celebrant alone, with hands outstretched.

188. From Father, may this Holy Spirit to Lord, look upon this sacrifice inclusive, all the concelebrants together say the prayer in this manner:

a) They say Father, may this Holy Spirit with hands outstretched towards the offerings.

b) They say He always loved those and In the same way with hands joined.

c) While saying the words of the Lord, each extends his right hand toward the bread and towards the chalice, if this seems appropriate; they look at the eucharistic bread and the chalice as these are shown and afterward bow low.

d) They sayFather, we now celebrate and Lord, look upon this sacrifice with hands outstretched.

189. The intercessions, Lord, remember those, may be assigned to one of the concelebrants; he alone says the intercessions, with hands outstretched.

190. In this eucharistic prayer the parts from He always loved those to Father, we now celebrate inclusive and the concluding doxology may be sung.

191. The concluding doxology of the eucharistic prayer may be sung or said either by the principal celebrant alone or together with all the concelebrants.

Communion Rite

192. Next, with hands joined, the celebrant introduces the Lord's Prayer; with hands outstretched, he then says this prayer itself with the other concelebrants and the congregation.

193. The embolism, Deliver us, is said by the principal celebrant alone, with hands outstretched. All the concelebrants together with the congregation say the final acclamation, For the kingdom.

194. After the deacon (or one of the concelebrants) says: Let us offer each other the sign of peace, all exchange the sign of peace. The concelebrants who are nearer the principal celebrant receive the sign of peace from him ahead of the deacon.

195. During the Agnus Dei, some of the concelebrants may help the principal celebrant break the eucharistic bread for communion, both for the concelebrants and for the congregation.

196. After the commingling, the principal celebrant alone inaudibly says the prayer, Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the Living God, or Lord Jesus Christ, with faith in Your love and mercy.

197. After this prayer, the principal celebrant genuflects and steps back a little. One by one the concelebrants come to the middle of the altar, genuflect, and reverently take the body of Christ from the altar. Then holding the eucharistic bread in the right hand, with the left hand under it, they return to their places. The concelebrants may, however, remain in their places and take the body of Christ from the paten presented to them by the principal celebrant or by one or more of the concelebrants, or from the paten as it is passed from one to the other.

198. Then the principal celebrant takes the eucharistic bread, holds it slightly raised above the paten, and, facing the congregation, says: This is the Lamb of God. With the concelebrants and the congregation he continues: Lord, I am not worthy.

199. Then the principal celebrant, facing the altar, says inaudibly: May the body of Christ bring me to everlasting life and reverently consumes the body of Christ. The concelebrants do the same. After them the deacon receives the body of Christ from the principal celebrant.

200. The blood of the Lord may be taken by drinking from the chalice directly, through a tube, with a spoon, or even by intinction.

201. If communion is received directly from the chalice, either of two procedures may be followed:

a) The principal celebrant takes the chalice and says inaudibly: May the blood of Christ bring me to everlasting life. He drinks a little and hands the chalice to the deacon or a concelebrant. Then he gives communion to the faithful or returns to the chair. The concelebrants approach the altar one by one or, if two chalices are used, two by two. They drink the blood of Christ and return to their seats. The deacon or a concelebrant wipes the chalice with a purificator after each concelebrant communicates.

b) The principal celebrant stands at the middle of the altar and drinks the blood of Christ in the usual manner.

But the concelebrants may receive the blood of the Lord while remaining in their places. They drink from the chalice presented by the deacon or by one of their number, or else passed from one to the other. Either the one who drinks from the chalice or the one who presents it always wipes it off. After communicating, each one returns to his seat.

202. If communion is received through a tube, this is the procedure. The principal celebrant takes the tube and says inaudibly: May the blood of Christ bring me to everlasting life. He drinks a little and immediately cleans the tube by sipping some water from a container at hand on the altar, then places the tube on the paten. The deacon or one of the concelebrants puts the chalice at a convenient place in the middle of the altar or at the right side on another corporal. A container of water for purifying the tubes is placed near the chalice, with a paten to hold them afterwards.

The concelebrants come forward one by one, take a tube, and drink a little from the chalice. They then purify the tube, by sipping a little water, and place it on the paten.

203. If communion is received by using a spoon, the same procedure is followed as for communion with a tube. But care is to be taken that after each communion the spoon is placed in a container of water. After communion has been completed, the acolyte carries this container to a side table to wash and dry the spoons.

204. The deacon receives communion last. He then drinks what remains in the chalice and takes it to the side table. There he or the acolyte washes and dries the chalice and arranges it in the usual way.

205. The concelebrants may also receive from the chalice at the altar immediately after receiving the body of the Lord.

In this case the principal celebrant receives under both kinds as he would when celebrating Mass alone, but for the communion from the chalice he follows the rite that in each instance has been decided on for the concelebrants.

After the principal celebrant's communion, the chalice is placed on another corporal at the right side of the altar. The concelebrants come forward one by one, genuflect, and receive the body of the Lord; then they go to the side of the altar and drink the blood of the Lord, following the rite decided upon, as has already been described.

206. If the concelebrants receive communion by intinction, the principal celebrant receives the body and blood of the Lord in the usual way, making sure that enough remains in the chalice for their communion. Then the deacon or one of the concelebrants arranges the paten with the eucharistic bread and the chalice conveniently in the center of the altar or at the right side on another corporal. The concelebrants approach the altar one by one, genuflect, and take a particle, dip part of it into the chalice, and , holding a paten under their chin, communicate. Afterward they return to their places as at the beginning of Mass.

The deacon receives communion also by intinction and to the concelebrant's words: The body and blood of Christ, makes the response: Amen. At the altar the deacon drinks all that remains in the chalice, takes it to the side table and there he or the acolyte purifies and dries it, then arranges it in the usual way.

Concluding Rite

207. The principal celebrant does everything else until the end of Mass in the usual way; the other concelebrants remain at their seats.

208. Before leaving, the concelebrants make the proper reverence to the altar; as a rule, the principal celebrant kisses the altar.

Table of ContentsChapter IV-A. Mass with a CongregationChapter IV-C. Masses without a CongregationEndnotes

You are here: Documents > The Eucharist and the Mass > General Instruction of the Roman Missal (4th Edition)  Back one page.

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All contents © copyright, 1998-2014
The Catholic Liturgical Library
http://www.catholicliturgy.com

You are here: Documents > The Eucharist and the Mass > General Instruction of the Roman Missal (4th Edition)  Back one page.

Home | New | FAQ | Search | Forum | Links


All contents © copyright, 1998-2014
The Catholic Liturgical Library
http://www.catholicliturgy.com