Chapter VI. Sacred Music
112.The musical tradition of the universal Church is a treasure of inestimable value,
greater even than that of any other art. The main reason for this pre-eminence is that,
as sacred song united to the words, it forms a necessary or integral part of the
Holy Scripture, indeed, has bestowed praise upon sacred song,  and the same may be said of the
fathers of the Church and of the Roman pontiffs who in recent times, led by St. Pius X,
have explained more precisely the ministerial function supplied be sacred music in the
service of the Lord.
Therefore sacred music is to be considered the more holy in proportion as it is more
closely connected with the liturgical action, whether it adds delight to prayer, fosters
unity of minds, or confers greater solemnity upon the sacred rites. But the Church
approves of all forms of true art having the needed qualities, and admits them into divine
Accordingly, the sacred Council, keeping to the norms and precepts of ecclesiastical
tradition and discipline, and having regard to the purpose of sacred music, which is the
glory of God and the sanctification of the faithful, decrees as follows.
113.Liturgical worship is given a more noble form when the divine offices are
celebrated solemnly in song, with the assistance of sacred ministers and the active
participation of the people.
As regards the language to be used, the provisions of Art. 36 are to be observed; for the Mass, Art. 54; for the sacraments, Art. 63; for the divine office, Art. 101.
114.The treasure of sacred music is to be preserved and fostered with great care.
Choirs must be diligently promoted, especially in cathedral churches; but bishops and
other pastors of souls must be at pains to ensure that, whenever the sacred action is to
be celebrated with song, the whole body of the faithful may be able to contribute that
active participation which is rightly theirs, as laid down in Art. 28 and 30.
115.Great importance is to be attached to the teaching and practice of music in
seminaries, in the novitiates and houses of study of religious of both sexes, and also in
other Catholic institutions and schools. To impart this instruction, teachers are to be
carefully trained and put in charge of the teaching of sacred music.
It is desirable also to found higher institutes of sacred music whenever this can be
Composers and singers, especially boys, must also be given a genuine liturgical
116.The Church acknowledges Gregorian chant as specially suited to the Roman liturgy:
therefore, other things being equal, it should be given pride of place in liturgical
But other kinds of sacred music, especially polyphony, are by no means excluded from
liturgical celebrations, so long as they accord with the spirit of the liturgical action,
as laid down in Art. 30.
117.The typical edition of the books of Gregorian chant is to be completed; and a more
critical edition is to be prepared of those books already published since the restoration
by St. Pius X.
It is desirable also that an edition be prepared containing simpler melodies, for use
in small churches.
118.Religious singing by the people is to be skillfully fostered so that in devotions
and sacred exercises, as also during liturgical services, the voices of the faithful may
ring out according to the norms and requirements of the rubrics.
119.In certain parts of the world, especially in mission lands, there are peoples who
have their own musical traditions, and these play a great part in their religious and
social life. For this reason due importance is to be attached to their music, and a
suitable place is to be given it, not only in forming their attitude toward religion, but
also in adapting worship to their native genius, as indicated in Art. 39 and 40.
Therefore, when missionaries are being given training in music, every effort should be
made to see that they become competent in promoting the traditional music of these
peoples, both in schools and in sacred services, as far as may be practicable.
120.In the Latin Church the pipe organ is to be held in high esteem, for it is the
traditional musical instrument which adds a wonderful splendor to the Church's ceremonies
and powerfully lifts up man's mind to God and to higher things.
But other instruments also may be admitted for use in divine worship, with the
knowledge and consent of the competent territorial authority, as laid down in Art. 22, §2, 37, and 40. This may be done, however, only on
condition that the instruments are suitable, or can be made suitable, for sacred use,
accord with the dignity of the temple, and truly contribute to the edification of the
121.Composers, filled with the Christian spirit, should feel that their vocation is to
cultivate sacred music and increase its store of treasures.
Let them produce compositions which have the qualities proper to genuine sacred music,
not confining themselves to works which can be sung only by large choirs, but providing
also for the needs of small choirs and for the active participation of the entire assembly
of the faithful.
The texts intended to be sung must always be in conformity with Catholic doctrine;
indeed they should be drawn chiefly from the holy scripture and from liturgical sources.