Canons concerning the Most Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist (September 5, 1551)
Canon 1.If anyone denies that in the sacrament of the
most Holy Eucharist are contained truly, really and substantially the body and blood
together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and consequently the whole
Christ, but says that He is in it only as in a sign, or figure or force, let him be
Canon 2.If anyone says that in the sacred and holy sacrament of the
Eucharist the substance of the bread and wine remains conjointly with the body and blood
of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denies that wonderful and singular change of the whole
substance of the bread into the body and the whole substance of the wine into the blood,
the appearances only of bread and wine remaining, which change the Catholic Church most
aptly calls transubstantiation, let him be anathema.
Canon 3.If anyone denies that in the venerable sacrament of the Eucharist
the whole Christ is contained under each form and under every part of each form when
separated, let him be anathema.
Canon 4.If anyone says that after the consecration is completed, the body
and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ are not in the admirable sacrament of the Eucharist,
but are there only in usu, while being taken and not before and not after, and
that the hosts or consecrated particles which are reserved or which remain after
communion, the true body of the Lord does not remain, let him be anathema.
Canon 5.If anyone says that the principal fruit of the most Holy
Eucharist is the remission of sins, or that other effects do not result from it, let him
Canon 6.If anyone says that in the holy sacrament of the Eucharist,
Christ, the only begotten Son of God, is not to be adored with the worship of latria,
also outwardly manifested, and is consequently neither to be venerated with a special
festive solemnity, nor to be solemnly borne about in procession according to the laudable
and universal rite and custom of the holy Church, or is not to be set publicly before the
people to be adored and that the adorers thereof are idolaters, let him be anathema.
Canon 7.If anyone says that it is not lawful that the Holy Eucharist be
reserved in a sacred place, but immediately after consecration must necessarily be
distributed among those present, or that it is not lawful that it be carried with honor to
the sick, let him be anathema.
Canon 8.If anyone says that Christ received in the Eucharist is received
spiritually only and not also sacramentally and really, let him be anathema.
Canon 9.If anyone denies that each and all of Christ's faithful of both
sexes are bound, when they have reached the years of discretion, to communicate every year
at least at Easter, in accordance with the precepts of holy mother Church, let him be
Canon 10.If anyone says that it is not lawful for the priest celebrating
to communicate himself, let him be anathema.
Canon 11.If anyone says that faith alone is sufficient preparation for
receiving the sacrament of the most Holy Eucharist, let him be anathema. And lest so great
a sacrament be received unworthily and hence unto death and condemnation, this holy
council ordains and declares that sacramental confession, when a confessor can be had,
must necessarily be made beforehand by those whose conscience is burdened with mortal sin,
however contrite they may consider themselves. Moreover, if anyone shall presume to teach,
preach or obstinately assert, or in public disputation defend the contrary, he shall be eo ipso excommunicated.
Canons on Communion Under Both Species and that of Little
Children (June 4, 1562)
Canon 1.If anyone says that each and all the faithful of
Christ are by a precept of God or by the necessity of salvation bound to receive both
species of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist, let him be anathema.
Canon 2.If anyone says that the holy Catholic Church was not moved by
just causes and reasons that laymen and clerics when not consecrating should communicate
under the form of bread only, or has erred in this, let him be anathema.
Canon 3.If anyone denies that Christ, the fountain and author of all
graces, is received whole and entire under the one species of bread, because, as some
falsely assert, He is not received in accordance with the institution of Christ under both
species, let him be anathema.
Canon 4.If anyone says that communion of the Eucharist is
necessary for little children before they have attained the years of discretion, let him
Canons on the Sacrifice of the Mass (September 17, 1562)
Canon 1.If anyone says that in the mass a true and real
sacrifice is not offered to God; or that to be offered is nothing else than that Christ is
given to us to eat, let him be anathema.
Canon 2.If anyone says that by those words, Do this for a commemoration
of me, Christ did not institute the Apostles priests; or did not ordain that they and
other priests should offer His body and blood, let him be anathema.
Canon 3.If anyone says that the sacrifice of the mass is only of praise
and thanksgiving; or that it is a mere commemoration of the sacrifice consummated on the
cross but not a propitiatory one; or that it profits him only who receives, and ought not
to be offered for the living and the dead, for sins, punishments, satisfactions, and other
necessities, let him be anathema.
Canon 4.If anyone says that by the sacrifice of the mass a blasphemy is
cast upon the most holy sacrifice of Christ consummated on the cross; or that the former
derogates from the latter, let him be anathema.
Canon 5.If anyone says that it is a deception to celebrate masses in
honor of the saints and in order to obtain their intercession with God, as the Church
intends, let him be anathema.
Canon 6.If anyone says that the canon of the mass contains errors and is
therefore to be abrogated, let him be anathema.
Canon 7.If anyone says that the ceremonies, vestments, and outward signs
which the Catholic Church uses in the celebration of masses, are incentives to impiety
rather than stimulants to piety, let him be anathema.
Canon 8.If anyone says that masses in which the priest alone communicates
sacramentally are illicit and are therefore to be abrogated, let him be anathema.
Canon 9.If anyone says that the rite of the Roman Church, according to
which a part of the canon and the words of consecration are pronounced in a low tone, is
to be condemned; or that the mass ought to be celebrated in the vernacular tongue only; or
that water ought not to be mixed with the wine that is to be offered in the chalice
because it is contrary to the institution of Christ, let him be anathema.